Multi functional & Advanced Materials Research Lab

Although the discovery, design and development of new materials are closely linked with the growth of human civilization through centuries, rapid growth of new materials witnesses during last few decades only. In the process of materials development, a large number of materials of different types such as semiconductors, piezoelectrics, ferroelectrics, magnetic materials, polymers, composites, multiferroics etc. have been developed for wide ranging applications. Nowadays, more emphasis is given on the development of new materials based on coupling of various physical phenomena in single-phase materials for multifunctional applications. In view of the recent developments and importance of above materials for technological applications, SOA has established some advanced research laboratories, (i) Chemical Processing Laboratory, (ii) Advanced Materials Research Laboratory and (iii) Multifunctional Materials Research Laboratory in the Department of Physics of the Institute of Technical Education and Research (ITER) under the leadership of Prof. R.N.P. Choudhary (Ex-Professor, IIT Kharagpur).. These laboratories have all the basic facilities for synthesis and characterization of multiferroics and nanomaterials with support of a good library. The laboratories are extensively used by a large number of B.Tech, M.Tech and Ph.D. students and faculties of this and other departments and universities, and have published and contributed more than 100 papers on ferroelectrics, multiferroics, ferrite – polymer composites for various applications during 2011-13 in the international journals of high repute. A research project has already been funded by the Department of Defence (i.e., DRDO), Government of India to work on multiferroics-polymer nano-composites. Some more research projects are in the process.The laboratories have following major equipments:

High precession LCR/Impedance Meter (N4L): This instrument is used to study dielectric and impedance spectroscopy of wide variety of materials as a function of frequency and temperature.

Image and Video Analysis Lab

The research on computer vision has gained momentum because of synergy of research across different disciplines. Many real world problems are complex and have been address in computer vision paradigm. The list could be long one but few of them are object detection and recognition, tracking of video objects, analysis of video objects, motion estimation, video transmission over wireless sensor network, mobile health monitoring etc. Robot vision has been playing a major role for quite some time. As a precursor to computer vision, image analysis is pivotal to many complex issues. Some of the important applications are in Biomedical image analysis, specifically Brain MR Image segmentation, Biomedical Image Registration etc. This laboratory focuses on the following research area Under water tracking of objects video, Object detection using CRF model, Brain MR Image Analysis using Fuzzy Clustering, Multi modal image registration with uncertainty, Granular computing based image segmentation, Video rate control over wireless sensor network and Energy efficient routing in wireless sensor network.

The laboratory is equipped with computing facility in Linus environment and Machine Vision System of NI make. Eight PhD students, four masters, five faculty members carry their research work.

Alternative Fuel Research Lab

This is a research lab equipped with many sophisticated equipments and accessories for testing fuel quality, engine performance, emission and combustion characteristics using liquid and gaseous fuel in single or dual fuel mode and the performance of solar engineering equipments. In this laboratory best quality equipments installed to do quality research work in the field of alternative fuel, I.C Engine and solar energy. This is one of the best laboratories in this region of our country. In this laboratory we have down draft type wood gasifier, dual fuel engine set up with combustion analysis attachment, variable compression ratio multi-fuel engine with combustion analysis attachment, multi-gas analyser, smoke meter, gas chromatograph, solar dryer, solar cooker, PV module with load testing attachment, kinematic viscometer, cloud and pour point apparatus, flash and fire point apparatus, mini biodiesel reactor, hydrometer, hygrometer, acid value testing apparatus etc. At present we are doing research to use different fuels like biogas, producer gas, hydrogen, biofuels along with petrol or diesel in SI or CI engine for improvement of engine efficiency by utilising the waste energy with little modification. Also the research is going on hybrid engine utilising alternative fuel and solar energy to minimise the fossil fuel requirement and reduce emission.

Our PhD, M. Tech and B. Tech students are working in this laboratory for different work mentioned above to fulfil their project and curriculum work. As this is a new laboratory the addition of equipment and work is always continuing from time to time.

Analytical Chemistry Research Lab

Environmental Engineering

Advanced Machining Lab

Antibiotics after discovery and use of penicillin since 1940s, several antibiotics have been isolated from many species of the bacterium Streptomyces (aminoglycosides, macrolides, tetracyclines, chloramphenicol, and polypeptides). Similarly, many chemical antibiotics have been synthesised (fluoroquinolones and monobactams) for the cure of infectious diseases. Slowly, the targeted pathogenic bacteria developed resistance to older antibiotics and newer antibiotics were applied for the control of infection. These events occurred progressively in last 60-70 years, and each pathogenic bacterium gained an armamentarium of resistance to antibiotics applied with progress of time. Today, there are multidrug resistant phenotypes of most common pathogenic bacteria, which sometimes cause annoyance in antimicrobial stewardship programme. The development of multidrug resistance in bacteria went on to such a level that certain common pathogenic bacteria became pandrug resistant, i.e., bacterial strains resistant to all of presently used antibiotics, for e.g. Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter and Pseudomonas. All these being Gram-negative bacteria, the drug resistance character picked up by one become peripatetic to other species and genera in the Gram-negative bacterial consortium. Indeed, the drug resistant characters are transported from one species to other species, from one genus to other genus of similar genetic heritage or even to bacteria of distant genetic heritage by mobile genetic elements, plasmids and transposons.

There are too many harmless commensals in human body, which too became drug resistant and multidrug resistance renders them the capacity of virulence. Such a bacteria is methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus and it is considered as the superbug of the health domain, which has been highly prevalent in hospitals.

These multidrug resistant bacteria create grievous hospital acquired infections, which pass on to community too. Most of them cause suppurations, urinary and gastrointestinal tract infections, lower and upper tract infections ― all leading to septicaemia/bacteraemia at vital organs, eventually leading to multi-morbidities and fatalities.

The work done by the team of workers at Central Research Laboratory in collaboration with Dept of Microbiology of this hospital and Dept of Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences is developing means of control for these and several multidrug resistant bacteria. Crude extracts of 200 common and rare medicinal plants were screened for the antimicrobial potentiality with 23 species of pathogenic bacteria isolated from clinical samples, and 25 plants have been shortlisted for detailed work on the control of bacteria. Isolation and characterisation of leading compounds of 5 highly active plants have been undertaken for aiming at the development of phytodrugs as complementary/ supplementary medicine in “Integrative medicine research”. Further work is in progress for development of adjuvant/integrative medicine.

The laboratory has undertaken work on “Predictive toxicology of chemicals of environmental concern using cultured lymphocytes from human umbilical cord blood”. They are also working on the “Host toxicity testing of effective medicinal plant extracts using human lymphocytes”.

Work on photosynthetic bacteria from natural sources, the cyanobacteria has been undertaken to monitor their antibacterial and antioxidant properties. This work explores the undiscovered medicinal properties of these naturally occurring cyanobacteria. Toxicity work with pesticides/insecticides and other environmental chemicals on the nitrogen fixing cyanobacteria that affect growth health of soils.

Central Research Laboratory

Physiology Research Lab

Anatomy Research Lab

Pharmacology Research Lab I

Pharmacology Research Lab II

Pathology Research Lab

Microbiology Research Lab

Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering Lab

Bio engineering Lab

Plant Biotechnology Lab

Cell Culture Lab

Functional Genomics Lab

Biomics and Biodiversity Lab

The primary objective of the research work carried out in this laboratory is to develop new/comparatively safer drugs/drug products or to generate new lead/marker molecules in the field of metabolic disorders.

Focus area: Metabolic disorders: - Anti-diabetic activity screening (Targeting to metabolic Enzymes, insulin level, Oxidative Reaction Species etc.)

Pharmacology Research Lab-I

Pharmacology Research Lab-II

Pharmacognosy Research Lab

Formulation and Development Lab-I

Formulation and Development Lab-II

Drug Development and Analysis Lab

Banking Research Lab